Very common sexually transmitted disease unheard of by many
Information floods societies with sexually transmitted diseases of syphilis, herpes, AiDS/HIV among others however, there are some sexually transmitted diseases that may be called rare or obscure but in all reality are more common than you think. Unfortunately they just don’t receive the attention they should even though they pose the same amount of health risk.
In the United States there are nearly 20 million new sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) that occur. While most of these infections will not cause harm, some have the potential to lead to serious health problems, if not diagnosed and treated early.
There are a small number of STDs that you may not even knew existed that are caused by common infections and known pathogens but not have been commonly linked with sexual transmission. Some may be common in the U.S. and other more common in other parts of the world.
Just a few years ago Dr. Charlotte Gaydos, DrPH, MPH, MS, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine called for all sexually active American women age 40 and older to get tested for the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis after new study evidence found that the sexually transmitted disease (STD) is more than twice as common in this age group than previously thought.
Results of a study by Dr. Gydos and colleges that was presented at the 2011 annual meeting of the International Society for STD Research, in Quebec City, Canada, revealed 7,593 U.S. women between the ages of 18 and 89, women 50 and older had the highest trichomonas infection rate, at 13 percent.
Trichomoniasis s a very common STD hat is caused by infection with a protozoan parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. Symptoms of this disease very and most men and women may not even know they have it. For a STD not commonly heard of Trichomoniasis affects 3.7 million Americans.
This parasite is passed from an infected person to an uninfected person during sex. In women the most commonly infected part of the body is the vulva, vagina, or urethra and in men the most commonly infected body part is the inside of the penis (urethra)The parasite not only is transmitted from penis to a vagina, or from a vagina to a penis, but it can also be passed from a vagina to another vagina, Trichomoniasis can increase the risk of getting or spreading other sexually transmitted infections such as causing genital inflammation that makes it easier to get infected with the HIV virus or pass the virus to a partner.
Just about everyone has heard of mono (infectious mononucleosis). Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the most common cause of infectious mononucleosis. EV is mostly spread through bodily fluids, especially saliva. But how many people know that these viruses are also spread by blood and semen during sexual contact.
Research in the Journal of Infectious Diseases found that data highly suggested that sexual contact, or a factor closely associated with it, is an important factor in acquisition of EBV during the teenage years. Their results showed some evidence of a reduction in risk with condom use.
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Chancroid is a bacterial infection that is spread only through sexual contact. Very few Americans are diagnosed with this infection and those who are diagnosed have traveled outside the country to areas where the infection is more common. Men more commonly are infected especially uncircumcised males.
The bacteria of this disease are more likely to penetrate the sexual organs at the point of a pre-existing injury, such as a small cut or scratch.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) generally passed from infected people to others through direct contact with body fluids, such as urine, saliva, or breast milk and is an STD transmitted through vaginal and anal intercourse and oral sex. Untreated chancroid often results in ulcers occurring on the genitals which can last for weeks for months.
LGV (Lymphogranuloma venereum) is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by three strains of the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Pease note that this infection is not caused by the same bacteria that cause genital chlamydia. In the United States there are a few hundred cases diagnosed each year but is more common in Central and South America. The onset of symptoms varies widely. The initial lesion may appear from three to 30 days after exposure.
Mycoplasma genitalium is a bacterium that can infect the urethra (urine passage), cervix (neck of the womb), throat and anus. It has only recently been identified as a sexually transmitted infection. This STD is spread through oral, vaginal or anal sex and also is transmitted by sex toys and hands and fingers if they have been in contact with an infected person’s genitals or anus.
Men may have no symptoms or may experience stinging or burning when passing urine or a discharge from the penis. Women may have no symptoms or may result in pain in the pelvic area, pain or bleeding during sexual intercourse, abdominal pain, an abnormal vaginal discharge or stinging or burning when passing urine.
Research indicates mycoplasma genitalium is becoming one of the most prevalent STD’s in the country despite a low public awareness.
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